The Moroccan architecture is also known as the Moorish architecture. The artisans have traditionally reproduced these elements over the centuries. Their style reflects the use of space and natural elements incorporated in the construction of the buildings. In fact, a Moroccan home has the synergistic elements of the nature and borrows its hues from the world outside. No wonder that the walls in Moroccan homes have earthy colors and yellow muted tones to reflect the sand and the earth colors outside. Brightly colored and contrasting tiles break the pattern and the mélange is quite a pretty sight. The Tedelakt plaster, which was first used in the bathhouses, gives the walls the look of a shiny ceramic and is extremely smooth and soft to touch.
The interior designing is done through organic shapes where bends and arches in doorways are liberally used. The zellij tiles and geometric patterns are elements that can be seen in many homes and old buildings as well. The rooms of the house open to a common courtyard, which is shielded away from the outside world. The courtyard provides the much-needed ventilation for the rooms and also allows women to enjoy without being spotted by strange men. Islamic traditions prohibit women from venturing outside the house or coming in contact with men apart from their relatives. The Moroccan home architecture has blended the aesthetics of North African, Moorish and Islamic traditions.
The elements are common in objects that are also used in day-to-day life. Whether they are tables, hanging lamps or even seating arrangements, all of these have beautiful patterned hexagonal and octagonal shaped forms. The architectural styles can also vary greatly depending on the region and the wealth of the people as well. The vaults, cupboards and arched doorways have a practical aspect as well as a design element in most houses. In many simpler homes, the seating arrangements are over recessed inside the walls as well. Elaborate elements can also be seen in the plaster and carved into the wooden beams as well. The ceramic tiles can be used to cover all kinds of surfaces and include the courtyard, floors, walls, ceilings and any other possible surfaces.
Another element of the Moroccan architecture can be found in the lamps. The lamps are truly unique since they are individually made and are not factory made. The shades that are present on the lamps are made of sheepskin or goatskin that has been dyed. These are then had stretched over a solid iron frame. After being hand painted in the decorative henna tattoo style, the effect is nothing short of marvelous. The lamp designs showcases the henna lines and dots as well.
With much diverse culture leaving their mark on Morocco, many of the styles from these cultures have been blended. People as diverse as Phoenicians, Carthaginians, East Sub Saharan cultures, Romans, Vandals and Andaluscians have all affected the culture and diversity of the Moroccan people as well.
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